Independence Day is annually celebrated on 15th August, as a national holiday in India commemorating the nation’s independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947, the UK Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act 1947 transferring legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly.
On 15 August 1947, the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. On each subsequent Independence Day, the incumbent Prime Minister customarily raises the flag and gives an address to the nation.
The Indian diaspora celebrates Independence Day around the world with parades and pageants, particularly in regions with higher concentrations of Indian immigrants. In some locations, such as New York and other US cities, 15 August has become “India Day” among the diaspora and the local populace. Pageants celebrate “India Day” either on 15 August or an adjoining weekend day.
The holiday is observed throughout India with flag-hoisting ceremonies, parades and cultural events. This is a national holiday
15 August every year is a very auspicious day for the Indians who will get an opportunity to pay homage to all freedom fighters. Since it is a national holiday, all regional-level, state-level and national-level government offices will remain shut after the flag-hoisting ceremony.
Independence Day before Independence
At the 1929 Lahore session of the Indian National Congress, the Purna Swaraj declaration, or “Declaration of the Independence of India” was promulgated, and 15 August was declared as Independence Day. The Congress called on people to pledge themselves to civil disobedience and “to carry out the Congress instructions issued from time to time” until India attained complete independence.
Gandhi envisaged that besides the meetings, the day would be spent “… in doing some constructive work, whether it is spinning, or service of ‘untouchables,’ or reunion of Hindus and Mussalmans, or prohibition work, or even all these together”. Following actual independence in 1947, the Constitution of India came into effect on and from 26 January 1950; since then 26 January is celebrated as Republic Day.
To witness a flag retreat ceremony is really a great experience in itself. This ceremony is performed at Wagah border as well as Husainiwala border in punjab.
Husainiwala is a village in the Firozepur district of punjab. This village is on the banks of the Sutej River.On one side is indian village Husainiwala on the opposite is Gand Singh Wala.
People from all across the country come to visit the Flag Retreat Ceremony at Husainiwala Border whihch is performed everyday at 6 pm.
In this ceremony at one side Indian army and other side Pakistan army show their talent according to the army norms.Indian army is well dressed in khaki and when they show their power they seem to be the real heroes. All the crowd on indian side in the stadium is full of cheers for the brave soldeiers.
The Flags of both the countries are hoisted on the daytime and in evening Flag Retreat Ceremony is performed . People from both the sides come to see this ceremony. Everyone is full of praise for the soldiers energy and will power.
People also visit the National Martyr Memorial at this place . It is just one Km from the Zero line .This is the place where our freedom heroes Shaheed Bhagat Singh Ji, Rajguru and Sukhdev Ji were cremated on 23 march in 1931.
13 jan- Lohri festival is being celebrated all over India .It is a famous festival of Punjab especially. A Bone fire is lighted in the evening.friends and families collect around the bone fire . they eat moongfali rioriya and gachak . Gidha(punjabi dance) is performed by young girls.
It is assumed that lohri is dedicated to the end of the winter . The people put sesame seeds(till) in the bonfire.
There are a number of lohri songs . one mmost famous of them is
Sunder mundriye ho! Tera kaun vicharaa ho! Dullah Bhatti walla ho! Dullhe di dhee vyayae ho! Ser shakkar payee ho! Kudi da laal pathaka ho! Kudi da saalu paata ho! Salu kaun samete! Chacha gali dese! Chache choori kutti! zamidara lutti! Zamindaar sudhaye! Bum Bum bhole aaye! Ek bhola reh gaya! Sipahee far ke lai gaya! Sipahee ne mari itt! Bhaanvey ro te bhaanvey pitt! Sanoo de de Lohri, te teri jeeve jodi!
Shaheedi jor mela is organised in fatehgarh sahib in the remembrance of the martyrdom of two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Sahibzaada Zorawar singh and sahibzaada Fateh Singh were bricked alive by then mughal governor wazir Khan.Wazir Khan wanted them to accept Islam. He threatened the sahibzaadas with dire consequences But two sahibzaadas accepted death penality instead of accepting islam.They had great faith in sikhism and Shri Guru Granth Sahib ji. They fearlessly welcomed Shahadat for the sikhism.
Shaheedi Jor Mela Fatehgarh Sahib
Sahibzaada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzaada Fateh Singh bricked alive
In order to remember their sacrifice the sikhs organise three day mela . It starts with the opening of AKHAND Path. People from all parts of the country come Gurdwara fatehgarh sahib and Gurdwara Jyoti Swaroop to pay homage to the sacrifice made by the two sons of the tenth Guru of Sikhs Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.