Independence Day is annually celebrated on 15th August, as a national holiday in India commemorating the nation’s independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947, the UK Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act 1947 transferring legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly.
On 15 August 1947, the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. On each subsequent Independence Day, the incumbent Prime Minister customarily raises the flag and gives an address to the nation.
The Indian diaspora celebrates Independence Day around the world with parades and pageants, particularly in regions with higher concentrations of Indian immigrants. In some locations, such as New York and other US cities, 15 August has become “India Day” among the diaspora and the local populace. Pageants celebrate “India Day” either on 15 August or an adjoining weekend day.
The holiday is observed throughout India with flag-hoisting ceremonies, parades and cultural events. This is a national holiday
15 August every year is a very auspicious day for the Indians who will get an opportunity to pay homage to all freedom fighters. Since it is a national holiday, all regional-level, state-level and national-level government offices will remain shut after the flag-hoisting ceremony.
Independence Day before Independence
At the 1929 Lahore session of the Indian National Congress, the Purna Swaraj declaration, or “Declaration of the Independence of India” was promulgated, and 15 August was declared as Independence Day. The Congress called on people to pledge themselves to civil disobedience and “to carry out the Congress instructions issued from time to time” until India attained complete independence.
Gandhi envisaged that besides the meetings, the day would be spent “… in doing some constructive work, whether it is spinning, or service of ‘untouchables,’ or reunion of Hindus and Mussalmans, or prohibition work, or even all these together”. Following actual independence in 1947, the Constitution of India came into effect on and from 26 January 1950; since then 26 January is celebrated as Republic Day.
BHOPAL: An Uttar Pradesh tax official was allegedly raped in a posh hotel in Bhopal by her senior on Sunday night. She has told police that he was exploiting her for a long time, but she drew the line when he beat her up and threatened to sexually assault her daughter as well.
The accused, Pankaj Kumar Singh, deputy commissioner with UP’s commercial tax department, has been arrested. He is charged with rape and assault and will be produced in court on Tuesday. The survivor, who had come to Bhopal to attend an event, alleges that Singh followed her here and forced her to go with him to a luxury hotel although she had checked into a separate star property. She has told police that she knows Singh since 2010. According to SP (south) Lodha Rahul Kumar, she said that Singh once took her to his house in Noida, on the pretext of getting her to meet his mother, but raped her.
Kamla Nagar police station SHO Madan Mohan Malviya said the woman dialled 100 around 3.30am on Monday and a patrol team responded immediately. She was brought to the police station, where she filed a complaint against Singh. She alleged that after the rape in the hotel room, he beat her up, hurled abuses at her and threatened to sexually abuse her daughter, too. She decided to go to police.
NEW DELHI: Parliament on Monday passed a legislation prescribing stringent punishment, including death penalty, to those convicted of raping a girl below 12 years of age. The law replaces the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance that was promulgated on April 21, following an outcry over the rape and murder of a minor girl in Kathua in Jammu and Kashmir and the rape of another woman at Unnao in Uttar Pradesh.
The ministry of women and child development is processing a proposal to bring amendments to the Protection of Children Against Sexual Offences Act 2012 to make it gender-neutral.
Replying to a debate, junior home minister Kiren Rijiju said the government brought the bill, as in the last few months, “heart-rending incidents of rape of underaged girls have taken place in the country”.
The deadline for the completion of trial in all rape cases will be two months. A six-month time limit for disposal of appeals in rape cases has also been prescribed. There will also be no provision for anticipatory bail for a person accused of rape or gang rape of a girl under 16 years.
NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court (SC) on Monday adjourned a scheduled hearing on PILs challenging the validity of Article 35A of the Constitution which prohibits non-permanent residents of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) from permanent settlement in the state, and from acquiring immovable property, government jobs, scholarships and aid there.
Chief Justice of India (CJI) Dipak Misra and Justice A M Khanwilkar said that a three-judge bench needs to determine whether this matter is required to be referred to a five-judge bench. Both the Centre and J&K sought an adjournment of hearing as a Panchayat election process is underway in the state.
Representing the J&K government, advocate Rakesh Dwivedi said SC has already settled the issue by ruling that Article 370 of the Constitution has already attained permanent status. “In any event as the issue required interpretation of various constitutional provisions, let there be no interim order,” Dwivedi appealed to the bench.
Senior advocate Ranjit Kumar, counsel to a petitioner, countered and said: “It is a strange situation in J&K as persons from Pakistan can come and settle in the state under a law but those who have been staying for generations cannot even get a government job.”
KOLKATA: More than 600 customers who tried to withdraw money any time between April and July at any of the three affected ATMs — Canara Bank’s at Golpark, Punjab National Bank’s on Park Street and Kotak Mahindra Bank’s on Elgin Road — still run the risk of being conned.
Kolkata Police has sought information from the National Payments Corporation of India, an agency tasked with maintaining data on such transactions, to try and ascertain the number of those affected. The cops fear the figure might be much higher than reported.
It is also likely that the data was processed by their gang leaders themselves, the foot soldiers merely carrying out groundwork. It’s clear that with these arrests, the gang may be lying low for the moment but can attempt to operate from another city, as was noticed by Jaipur police, who had to make multiple trips to Goa and Mumbai before pinning down the accused to Delhi. The fact that the last time in Delhi they even tried to auction this data to an Indian gang has also got to be factored. “As such, it is important that we adopt all measures to ensure no further loss to Kolkatans,” said an officer.
Cops said they have conducted several rounds of meetings with banks trying to figure out safety-enhancing measures.
JAMMU: A militant was arrested and eight grenades recovered from him in Jammu as police foiled a major terror plot to trigger blasts in the winter capital, days ahead of the Independence Day.
Acting on intelligence inputs, police intercepted a bus in Gandhi Nagar area here late on Sunday night and arrested a youth from Kashmir who was carrying eight hand grenades, a police officer said.
In view of the arrest, a high alert has been sounded in Jammu. The militant is being put through sustained interrogation to ascertain about the plans and his contacts in the city and its outskirts, police said.
NEW DELHI: Chief Justice of the Madras High Court Indira Banerjee has been appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court of India.
With this, the apex court gets its eighth woman judge, after Fathima Beevi, Sujata V. Manohar, Ruma Pal, Gyan Sudha Misra, Ranjana Prakash Desai, R. Banumathi and Indu Malhotra.
Banerjee assumed charge as the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court on April 5, 2017.She succeeded Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul, who was then elevated to the top court.
She is also the second woman to head Madras High Court, after Justice Kanta Kumari Bhatnagar.
SRINAGAR: Four terrorists were killed in a fresh exchange of fire with security forces in Shopian district of Jammu and Kashmir, the Army said on Saturday.
With these deaths, the number of terrorists killed in the overnight operation reached five.
The security forces had cordoned off the area last night following specific intelligence inputs about the presence of terrorists there and had started a search operation there.
The search operation turned into an encounter after the terrorists fired upon the security forces, an official had said.
CHANDIGARH: Punjab health and family welfare minister Brahm Mohindra on Thursday handed over appointment letters to 282 staff nurses, 11 epidemiologists and 14 microbiologists in a function held at training institute in Mohali.
Mohindra said the Congress government with these appointments, the health delivery system would witness improvement and quality health services could be ensured to the public.
CHENNAI: Within a day after informing the Madras high court that it had taken a policy decision to transfer all temple idol theft cases to the CBI, the Tamil Nadu government issued an order, shifting out cases being investigated by special idol wing team headed by inspector general of police A G Pon Manickavel.
The economic offences wing ADGP said that since the cases with idol wing were of significant nature, the investigations needed proactive involvement of central agencies. “Some of the idols are antique idols dating back to thousands of years which could not be valued in terms of money. Some of the idol theft cases have inter-state and international ramifications. In some cases, stolen idols have been traced to foreign countries. The ADGP has recommended that, in the interest of fair and just investigation, all the investigation cases by the special team may be considered for transfer to CBI,” said the order.
“The governor accords his consent to the extension of powers and jurisdiction of members of the Delhi Special Police Establishment in the whole of Tamil Nadu to investigate all investigation cases with special team constituted for the idol theft cases and in all future cases,” said the order.