Established on 30 Nov 2011 at Mohali district of Punjab, Fateh Burj is the symbol of victory got by Baba Banda Singh Bahadur against the Moughal army captained by Wazir Khan. This Fateh Burj , if translated turns out to be Victory Tower.
This Victory Tower is the tallest victory tower in mohali. Its height is 328 feet.
On The occassion of third centenary of the historical battle of Chapparchiri ,the construction of eight columned Fateh Burj was started in January 2011 and was completed in the record time of 11 months. India’s highest ,this 328 feet high Burj stands as the symbol of historical victory of Khalsa to win Sirhind in the battle found by Great General Baba Banda Singh Bahadur.In this historical battle the Khalsa established the first Khalsa reign by taking revenge of the martyrdom of younger Sahibzadas of the Tenth Guru Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji and teaching a lesson to Wazir khan, the Subedar of Sirhind.
This Burj has three stories, the first 67 feet,second 117 and third 220 feet high.Its top is decorated with a Dome and a Khanda.The first storey commemorates the victory of Samana, the second storey for the victory of Sadhaura and the third storey for Sirhind which was fought at Chapparchiri.
The statues of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji and his five generals in this memorial complex , who while standing on the mounds were commanding the Khalsa army fighting the Moughal army of Wazir Khan ,symbolizes the war scene of that time.The view of Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar and the complex is worth seeing from these towers.
Before leaving for His heavenly abode the first Sikh General apointed as the chief of Khalsa Panth by Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji at Nanderh ,was known in the history as Baba Banda Singh Bahadur. After his arrival at Punjab Baba Banda singh Bahadur first took victory over Samana and Sadhaura in november 1709. After that in may 1710 he won Sirhind in the battleground of Chapparchiri by defeating Moughal armies under the leadership of Wazir Khan , the Subedar of Sirhind. The Khalsa took the revenge of the martyrdom of younger Sahibzadas of the tenth Guru Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji by killing Wazir Khan, The Subedar of Sirhind.
With the victory over Sirhind ,Baba Banda Singh Bahadur established the Rule of Khalsa in the state of Sirhind which was extended from Satluj to Yamuna river.Immediately after establishing the Khalsa rule, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur released governmental Coins and Mohars having names of Great Sikh Gurus.On the coins there were following lines.
Deg O Teg O Fateh O Nusrat Bedrang
YaafatAj Nanak Guru Gobind Singh
Along with this Baba Banda Singh Bahadur also abolished the Jagirdaari and Zamindari system and gave the farmers the proprietorship of their lands.The period of first Khalsa rule was from 1708 to 1716.At last on ninth June1716 Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji embraced martyrdom along with his son Ajay Singh and 700 Sikhs at Delhi for illuminating the sikh religion in times to come.
Bhai Aali Singh Ji resident of village Salaudi was the Faujdar of Wazir Khan ,Subedar of Sirhind. When Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji reached Punjab Heleft his Faujdari of Sirhind state and joined the army of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji along with his friends. After the establishment of first Khalsa Rule he was appointed as the Vice Subedar along with Bhai Baaj Singh. Bhai Aali Singh Ji also embraced martyrdom along with Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji on 9 June 1716.
Bhai Maali Singh Ji left the Faujdari of Sirhind to join the army of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji ,He was brother of Bhai Aali Singh. He also left his job with Sirhind state to join hands with Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji in Sikh struggle. He was appointed as a commander of a military troop .On 9th June 1716. he also embraced martyrdom along with Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji after bearing many tortures.
Bhai Baaj Singh Ji resident of Mirpur Patti(Maarha) was appointed as the first Subedar by Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji after the victory of Chapparchiri and establishment of first sikh rule. He also led many war campaigns against the Moughals. He showed a tremendous proof of his bravery when he gave a severe beating to Mughal officers even when he was tied up in chains. Bhai Baaj Singh Ji also embraced martyrdom along with Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji on 9 June 1716.
Bhai Fateh Singh
Huge groups of the sikhs from Malwa under the leadership of Bhai Fateh Singh was first to join Baba Banda Singh Bahadur. After the victory of Samana (November 1709) Bhai Fateh Singh Ji was appointed as the Subedar of this place. He played a decisive role in the battle of Chapparchiri. He also embraced martyrdom along with Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji on 9th June ,1716. Chakk Fateh Singh Nagar at Bathinda has been established after his name.
Bhai Ram Singh
Bhai Ram Singh Ji , the great warrior of Khalsa Army ,was brother of Bhai Baaj Singh Ji and had unprecedented contribution in the victory of Chhaparchiri battle. He was the Chirf General of the army of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji , Bhai Ram Singh Ji also embraced martyrdom along with Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji on 9 June 1716
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