Independence Day is annually celebrated on 15th August, as a national holiday in India commemorating the nation’s independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947, the UK Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act 1947 transferring legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly.
On 15 August 1947, the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. On each subsequent Independence Day, the incumbent Prime Minister customarily raises the flag and gives an address to the nation.
The Indian diaspora celebrates Independence Day around the world with parades and pageants, particularly in regions with higher concentrations of Indian immigrants. In some locations, such as New York and other US cities, 15 August has become “India Day” among the diaspora and the local populace. Pageants celebrate “India Day” either on 15 August or an adjoining weekend day.
The holiday is observed throughout India with flag-hoisting ceremonies, parades and cultural events. This is a national holiday
15 August every year is a very auspicious day for the Indians who will get an opportunity to pay homage to all freedom fighters. Since it is a national holiday, all regional-level, state-level and national-level government offices will remain shut after the flag-hoisting ceremony.
Independence Day before Independence
At the 1929 Lahore session of the Indian National Congress, the Purna Swaraj declaration, or “Declaration of the Independence of India” was promulgated, and 15 August was declared as Independence Day. The Congress called on people to pledge themselves to civil disobedience and “to carry out the Congress instructions issued from time to time” until India attained complete independence.
Gandhi envisaged that besides the meetings, the day would be spent “… in doing some constructive work, whether it is spinning, or service of ‘untouchables,’ or reunion of Hindus and Mussalmans, or prohibition work, or even all these together”. Following actual independence in 1947, the Constitution of India came into effect on and from 26 January 1950; since then 26 January is celebrated as Republic Day.
BHOPAL: An Uttar Pradesh tax official was allegedly raped in a posh hotel in Bhopal by her senior on Sunday night. She has told police that he was exploiting her for a long time, but she drew the line when he beat her up and threatened to sexually assault her daughter as well.
The accused, Pankaj Kumar Singh, deputy commissioner with UP’s commercial tax department, has been arrested. He is charged with rape and assault and will be produced in court on Tuesday. The survivor, who had come to Bhopal to attend an event, alleges that Singh followed her here and forced her to go with him to a luxury hotel although she had checked into a separate star property. She has told police that she knows Singh since 2010. According to SP (south) Lodha Rahul Kumar, she said that Singh once took her to his house in Noida, on the pretext of getting her to meet his mother, but raped her.
Kamla Nagar police station SHO Madan Mohan Malviya said the woman dialled 100 around 3.30am on Monday and a patrol team responded immediately. She was brought to the police station, where she filed a complaint against Singh. She alleged that after the rape in the hotel room, he beat her up, hurled abuses at her and threatened to sexually abuse her daughter, too. She decided to go to police.
NEW DELHI: Parliament on Monday passed a legislation prescribing stringent punishment, including death penalty, to those convicted of raping a girl below 12 years of age. The law replaces the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance that was promulgated on April 21, following an outcry over the rape and murder of a minor girl in Kathua in Jammu and Kashmir and the rape of another woman at Unnao in Uttar Pradesh.
The ministry of women and child development is processing a proposal to bring amendments to the Protection of Children Against Sexual Offences Act 2012 to make it gender-neutral.
Replying to a debate, junior home minister Kiren Rijiju said the government brought the bill, as in the last few months, “heart-rending incidents of rape of underaged girls have taken place in the country”.
The deadline for the completion of trial in all rape cases will be two months. A six-month time limit for disposal of appeals in rape cases has also been prescribed. There will also be no provision for anticipatory bail for a person accused of rape or gang rape of a girl under 16 years.
NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court (SC) on Monday adjourned a scheduled hearing on PILs challenging the validity of Article 35A of the Constitution which prohibits non-permanent residents of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) from permanent settlement in the state, and from acquiring immovable property, government jobs, scholarships and aid there.
Chief Justice of India (CJI) Dipak Misra and Justice A M Khanwilkar said that a three-judge bench needs to determine whether this matter is required to be referred to a five-judge bench. Both the Centre and J&K sought an adjournment of hearing as a Panchayat election process is underway in the state.
Representing the J&K government, advocate Rakesh Dwivedi said SC has already settled the issue by ruling that Article 370 of the Constitution has already attained permanent status. “In any event as the issue required interpretation of various constitutional provisions, let there be no interim order,” Dwivedi appealed to the bench.
Senior advocate Ranjit Kumar, counsel to a petitioner, countered and said: “It is a strange situation in J&K as persons from Pakistan can come and settle in the state under a law but those who have been staying for generations cannot even get a government job.”